Scientific Proceedings of Vanadzor State University Humanitarian and Social Sciences (ISSN 2738-2915)
2023 vol 2
The Response to the Croatian National Struggle in 1848-1849 in the Western Armenian Periodical Press
Key words: Austrian Empire, Hungary, Croatia, national struggle, autonomy, I. Jelacic, “The Arshaluys Araratyan’’, “Hayastan’’
“The Arshaluys Araratyan’’ of Smyrna and “Hayastan’’ of Constantinople, the ideologues of the Armenian national conservative current, commented broadly on the revolutionary and national-liberation struggle taken place in the Austrian Empire in 1848-1849. On the base of the European press news, the Armenian periodicals presented the entire course of the national struggle of the oppressed peoples in the Austrian multinational Empire, as well as the Croats’ struggle.
They realized that the national struggle of the Hungarians was directed against the Vienna royal court and aimed to restore their lost state. At the same time the Turkish-Armenian periodicals correctly noticed that the armed Croats were struggling against the Hungarian authorities, desired to be freed from their rule and gain national autonomy within the Austrian Empire.
The newspapers “Arshaluys Araratyan’’ and “Hayastan’’ didn’t show any emphatic attitude towards the national struggle of the Croats and presented it mainly from an impartial perspective. Hovhannes Chamurchyan Teroyents, the leader of the Western-Armenian extreme conservatives and editor of “The Hayastan’’, was against any revolutionary movement naming its participants the rioters. He presented the struggle of the Croats simply as a “historiographer”.