The Organization of Training Process of Young Gymnasts

Scientific Proceedings of  Vanadzor State University Humanitarian and Social Sciences (ISSN 2738-2915)        

2023 vol 1

The Organization of Training Process of Young Gymnasts in Preparatory Groups

Hovik Sargsyan


Key words: educational, content, structure, readiness, phasing, introductory, professional, athletic, mastery, quantity, “Right Posture”


The training process of young gymnasts is a complex of year-round and long-term training activities. It includes the content and structure of the training process, training planning, preparations. The main purpose of the work is to highlight and analyze the educational process of young gymnasts as the completories of the interconnected complex. The main content of the educational process in the preparatory groups forms general, special physical and motor preparedness (SPP), which follows from the main problems of the students included in the preparatory groups. Thе experiments show that the physical exercises in the initial training groups must engage 40-50 % of each workout. The schedules of preparatory groups’ workout are presented in a schematic form. The explementary structures of workouts for preparatory 6- and 8-hour groups are presented. Thus, before planning the training process of young gymnasts, it is necessary to determine the goals of training and, in accordance with them, to study and improve the program material of gymnastic exercises. Young gymnasts need more time to get in shape, they have fewer competitions, and their competitions are more of an educational nature.

Based on the analysis of literary sources and experience of advanced trainers-pedagogues, we suggest implementing 6 hours per week in the preparatory first year groups in sports schools, which is based on the motor needs and interests of 5 and 6 year-old boys and girls. The organization of regular training will provide an opportunity to develop motor skills effectively. Besides, it will form “Correct Posture” and enable a smooth transition to the next academic year. All of the mentioned must be implemented by the interrelated complex processes.