Borrowings in Middle Armenian (Persian Borrowings, Continuation)

Scientific Proceedings of  Vanadzor State University Humanitarian and Social Sciences (ISSN 2738-2915)        

2023 vol 2

Borrowings in Middle Armenian

(Persian Borrowings, Continuation)

Tereza Shahverdyan


Key words: middle Armenian-Persian borrowings, semantic groups of words, modern literary Armenian, Lori dialect, transliterated phonetic changes of vowels and consonants, word formation, lexicalization, derivation


Persian borrowings are considerably large in number in Middle Armenian, but few words are used in the modern Eastern Armenian literary language. There are incomparably many words preserved in Lori dialect. They refer to almost all spheres of social life: colors, plants, flowers, bushes, trees, fauna, medicine, names of body parts, mental conditions, statuses, religion, worship, spirituality, precious metals, stones, ores, household, accessories, profession, occupation, money, monetary unit, fee, time, closed-class parts of speech, non-identified dialectical words.

Persian borrowings passed to Middle Armenian with various phonetic changes of vowels and consonants. They are simple root, complex, derived words. These compositions were sometimes made using word formation techniques specific to Armenian, in which sometimes the Persian compounds were observed. The same applies to derivation: there are both Armenian and Persian words composed of suffixes.